Private independent liberal arts institutions (1.a)
Independent small size European college / university; normally awarding a degree in liberal arts; private

Private American institutions (1.b)
Institution operating according to American ideas and organisational models, even if not a branch; located in major cities throughout the continent; private

Public University Colleges (2.a)
University College offering B.A./B.Sc. in liberal arts; offered by financially and functionally autonomous units (“colleges”), with public universities accrediting the programme (mostly NL)

Public liberal arts programmes (2.b)
B.A./B.Sc. in liberal arts, offered by an established public university, where the liberal arts programme of study is one among other (disciplinary degree) programmes (mostly UK)

Liberal arts inspired curricular innovations (3.a)
Institutions promoting curricular innovations (core curriculum, elective principle, academic skills etc.) directly inspired by liberal arts ideals; offered within ‘regular’ university degree structures or faculties; public or private

Distribution of types

Private independent liberal arts institutions (1.a)
Private American institutions (1.b)
Public University Colleges (2.a)
Public liberal arts programmes (2.b)
Liberal arts inspired curricular innovations (3.a)

In comparison